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February 26, 2015


—_000_142492636034395484uvicca_ Content-Type: text/plain; charset=”iso-8859-1” Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable ENTOMOLOGY CURATOR - ROYAL BRITISH COLUMBIA MUSEUM - DEADLINE MARCH 24 The Royal British Columbia Museum, in Victoria, BC, is hiring a new entomology curator. For detailed information about the position and how to apply, please go to: The Entomology Collection is among the most active and growing collections in the Royal BC Museum holdings: containing approximately 600,000 specimens and specimen lots. It is estimated that there are 35,000 insect species in British Columbia, yet fewer than half have been recorded. The ideal candidate will have a minimum of 4 years’ museum experience (or similar) proven experience conducting original research in entomological systematics. Knowledge of exhibition development methodology and knowledge of museum practices, including documentation standards, is required. Excellent communication skills and comfort delivering presentations and providing information, identifications and expertise relating to Entomology across a wide diversity of audiences is necessary. Must be Canadian and/or have landed immigrant status in Canada. —_000_142492636034395484uvicca_ Content-Type: text/html; charset=”iso-8859-1” Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable

ENTOMOLOGY CURATOR - ROYAL BRITISH COLUMBIA MUSEUM - DEADLINE MARCH 24   The Royal British Columbia Museum, in Victoria, BC, is hiring a new entomology curator. For detailed information about the position and how to apply, please go to:   The Entomology Collection is among the most active and growing collections in the Royal BC Museum holdings: containing approximately 600,000 specimens and specimen lots. It is estimated that there are 35,000 insect species in British Columbia, yet fewer than half have been recorded. The ideal candidate will have a minimum of 4 years’ museum experience (or similar) proven experience conducting original research in entomological systematics. Knowledge of exhibition development methodology and knowledge of museum practices, including documentation standards, is required.  Excellent communication skills and comfort delivering presentations and providing information, identifications and expertise relating to Entomology across a wide diversity of audiences is necessary. Must be Canadian and/or have landed immigrant status in Canada.  

—_000_142492636034395484uvicca via Gmail
Research Technician I Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts / Howard Hughes Medical Institute Reports To: David Reich, PhD A web-based version of this job advertisement can be found a We offer an opportunity to support a cutting edge ancient DNA laboratory at Harvard Medical School ( that is studying the impact of human history on biology and disease. The successful candidate will assume a research technician position and will work closely with scientists studying DNA from human remains dating back over the last 20,000 years. Principal Responsibilities: Conduct experiments in support of critical core ancient DNA project in the laboratory Carry out protocols and propose method options with goal of facilitating successful completion of research aims Receive samples of ancient teeth and bones and ensure that they are handled and stored in a way that minimizes contamination Clean and drill artifacts in clean room environment to prepare for release of DNA Extract DNA and prepare for next generation sequencing in clean room environment Perform PCR, DNA purification and quantification, solution hybrid capture, and sequencing Analyze data to identify best samples for further analysis Maintain meticulous records of experiments and analyses in both lab notebook and tracking databases Return unused samples to collaborators Provide laboratory-specific training for incoming research fellows, technicians, graduate students and interns Order laboratory supplies on timely basis and receive/place all supplies in proper location Maintain laboratory equipment and oversee repairs Maintain cleanliness and orderliness in the laboratories Communicate experimental results in weekly meetings Preferred Qualifications: B.A./B.S. in the life sciences with hands-on research experience in basic laboratory techniques and understanding of molecular biology principles Familiarity with genetics, PCR and, ideally, NGS library preparation/sequencing Training in sterile laboratory techniques Strong communication and computer skills, including demonstrated proficiency with Microsoft Word, Excel and, ideally, UNIX. Strong organizational skills and ability to employ good judgment in prioritizing tasks Experience in ancient DNA and/or sterile techniques is a great advantage Additional Information: Please submit a cover letter and three references with your resume. Please include “008-200 Research Technician” in the subject line of your email. To Apply: To apply for this position, please email your resume to: Nadin Rohland Boston, Massachusetts 02115 Email: Application Deadline: Open Until Filled David Reich via Gmail
Dear Colleagues, we still have places available for this years edition of Evolutionary Biology Workshop in the Alps (19-25 June 2015, Riederalp, Switzerland) Target participants: PhD students, advanced Master students We have extended application deadline until March 8. Faculty: Judith Mank (University College London) Andrew Read (Pennsylvania State University) Tanja Schwander (University of Lausanne) John Pannell (University of Lausanne) Tadeusz Kawecki (University of Lausanne) The main goals of this annual workshop, based on a concept developed by Stephen Stearns and John Maynard Smith, are to develop the following skills: • developing your scientific ideas through discussions in groups; • thinking critically and expressing oneself clearly; • turning a general idea into a research project; • writing a research proposal and defending it. The workshop will take place in Villa Cassel (, at 2000 m of altitude, a >100 year old villa where Winston Churchill once stayed, amid the magnificent mountain landscape of a UNESCO World Heritage Site, walking distance from the largest glacier of the Alps. Costs: CHF 530.- for room and board. 3 ETSC credit points To apply, send a single file (pdf or rtf) containing a short motivation letter including a brief summary of your research interest, a cv, and the name of your scientific advisor to Caroline Betto-Colliard , with Cc to . via Gmail
oEB HR at Harvard University Business Title: Biodiversity Informatics Manager The Harvard University Herbaria (HUH), with more than five million specimens, comprise the world’s largest University herbarium. Research at HUH in evolution, biodiversity, and conservation revolves around the scientific collections and libraries. In recent years, several ambitious projects to digitize the entire HUH holdings have been initiated. At present, 10% of the collections are digitized. The HUH is seeking to hire a Biodiversity Informatics Manager that will provide leadership, management, and stewardship of the informatics collections and initiatives. The successful candidate will be responsible for addressing the needs of the academic and scientific community engaged with HUH collections, and the natural history collections more broadly. To meet these needs, the candidate will work with the HUH Director and staff, including a three member biodiversity informatics team, to set priorities and develop plans and initiatives. This may additionally involve interacting with FAS Science Division Research Computing to develop and implement technical solutions. The Biodiversity Informatics Manager will oversee the development, maintenance, and enhancement of the databases that document the collections and support HUH activities, including library related goals. The candidate will supervise and manage HUH’s digitization activities and oversee the management and sharing of the resulting digital assets. With database and informatics support from Research Computing, the successful candidate will initiate, develop, implement, and manage scientific and academic applications and informatics projects and initiatives to ensure access to and sharing of biodiversity data with the world. Tasks include, but are not limited to: collecting, organizing, and analyzing natural history specimens, spatial modeling, and databasing. The candidate will work with the Director and HUH staff to develop grant proposals for the funding of informatics projects by external agencies, including the National Science Foundation. The person in this position will also act as a liaison to organizations and projects internally, nationally and internationally, including the Harvard Museums of Science & Culture, in which acquisition and delivery of biodiversity information is central. The basic qualifications for this position are as follows: Masters Degree in botany or a related discipline and five or more years experience in planning, development, and implementation of biodiversity informatics projects. Fluency in at least one programming language is a requirement. Previous experience with highly technical and collaborative projects, including digitization of biological collections and digital media access to collections via databases, digital tools, and websites. Familiarity with at least some of the following: UNIX, HTML, XML, CSS, PHP, SQL, MySQL, ArcGIS, Mac OS X, Windows 7/8, Microsoft Office, Adobe Photoshop, WordPress. The ideal candidate will also have these additional qualifications: Proven ability to lead, manage, and engage a broad constituency is required. Demonstrated knowledge of museum collections and biodiversity informatics preferred. Superior communications skills required. Must be able to work with people with varying degrees of IT expertise. In order to be considered for this position, all candidates must apply through the Harvard University employment website at Please reference position requisition number: 34999BR. When applying for this position please submit your resume and cover letter in our preferred format as one combined document (resume followed by cover letter). EEO Statement: We are an equal opportunity employer and all qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race, color, religion, sex, national origin, disability status, protected veteran status, gender identity, sexual orientation or any other characteristic protected by law. “Lee, Morgan” via Gmail

—_000_35A6EE429BD9AF4997104C5B48609C0D0135C308F8EXCSMITHnhmac_ Content-Type: text/plain; charset=”Windows-1252” Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable A number of bursaries are available for students to attend the forthcoming Systematics Association biennial conference Systematics - the science that underpins biology’ that will be held at the University of Oxford from 26-28 August 2015. This three-day meeting comprises four thematic sessions (The value of long term monitoring plots for plant systematics and ecology in the tropics; Comparative approaches to the origin of biodiversity; Accelerating the pace of taxonomy; Rooted in deep time: Palaeontological contributions to systematics) and contributed papers on any aspect of systematics. Five bursaries of 200 sponsored by the Linnean Society of London are open to students wishing to present a contributed talk or poster. In addition, the British Ecological Society Tropical Ecology Group (BES-TEG) have sponsored bursaries for students wishing to attend the symposium on The value of long term monitoring plots for plant systematics and ecology in the tropics’. Two bursaries of 1500 are available for PhD students from tropical forest countries and 5 bursaries of 200 are open to all PhD students. Applicants are expected to attend the entire meeting as well as the specific symposium, and are encouraged to offer a contributed talk. The deadline for bursary applications is midnight (23:59 GMT) 30th April. The closing date for contributed papers is (23:59 GMT) 1st July. Further details can be found on the Systematics Association website at Dr Mark Carine Plants Division, Department of Life Sciences The Natural History Museum Cromwell Road London SW7 5BD United Kingdom Tel: 020 7942 5541 —_000_35A6EE429BD9AF4997104C5B48609C0D0135C308F8EXCSMITHnhmac_ Content-Type: text/html; charset=”Windows-1252” Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable

Field assistants summer 2015: Volunteer positions in evolutionary biology Nick Barton’s group at the Institute of Science and Technology (IST) Austria requires volunteers to assist with field work on plant speciation in the Pyrenees (Spain) this coming summer (June - August). The project: We are studying the evolutionary dynamics underlying species diversification in the genus Antirrhinum (snapdragons). A major focus of this research involves field work on natural hybrid zones between two subspecies with different flower colours. Most of the field work is contributing to a long-term pedigree project aimed at establishing a direct link from genotype to phenotype to fitness. With 14,000 samples collected over five generations (so far), this provides an exciting and powerful system to examine many outstanding questions in speciation and quantitative genetics in wild populations. We are seeking volunteers to assist with the field work, which involves working in teams mapping the location of individual plants (GPS), tagging and sampling them for leaves and flowers, measuring quantitative traits, phenotyping them for flower pigmentation and processing material for later DNA extraction. There may also be opportunities to be involved in other projects we are doing on plant-pollinator interactions, pollen fertility and community ecology surveys. Most of the work is outdoors, however we do spend some time indoors processing samples. The work is highly team orientated, typically in groups of 2-3 in the field and larger groups processing samples back at the research station. This is a great opportunity for anybody looking to obtain experience in field work relating to evolutionary biology, plant ecology and plant-animal interactions. You will also be part of a large multidisciplinary team including researchers from IST Austria (Vienna), John Innes Centre (Norwich, UK) and the University of Toulouse. The field site is located near Ripoll in a beautiful part of the Pyrenees of North Eastern Spain (Catalonia). We stay in comfortable apartments overlooking a picturesque valley, with close access to hiking trails and small villages. All food, accommodation and travel (within Europe) are covered. However, we cannot offer any further stipend. For these positions we are looking for hard working and enthusiastic biology students with a strong interest in working outdoors with plants. You must be meticulous with recording data and also be comfortable working as part of a team. Experience with field-based projects and plants is preferred but not essential. We require assistance between early June and the end of July. Depending on the year and the plants, we may extend our time into August. Length of stay is flexible but a minimum stay of 3 weeks is required. Please send any questions to the email address below. How to apply? By the closing date of March 31st, please send a statement of your background, CV, why you are interested and the length of time you would be available via email to: *Dr. David Field* Postdoctoral Fellow Barton Group IST Austria AMCampus 1 Klosterneuburg3400 Phone: +432243 9000 3008 Web: Web: David Field via Gmail

February 25, 2015

POLL FOR POSTDOCTORAL POSITIONS AT DOANA BIOLOGICAL STATION (EBD-CSIC), SPAIN Funded by the “Severo Ochoa” Excellence Program awarded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness The Doana Biological Station () seeks 5 Postdoctoral fellows for a one year contract with possibilities to be extended to the end of the project (June 30th, 2017) with the aim to conduct research in one of the following research lines: Conservation biology Biological invasions Ecological synthesis Molecular ecology Evolutionary ecology Plant-animal interactions Wetland ecology Applicants should have a Ph.D., a high publication record, and excellent writing and oral communication skills. Starting date: Summer 2015 Salary: 39,000 EUR approx. per yr. before taxes Interested candidates should send the following documents: 1) Curriculum vitae, 2) cover letter with a description of research accomplishments and statement of overall scientific goals and interests (approximately 1000 words), 3) indication of the researchers at EBD with whom you have professional affinities, and 4) contact information for three references. All documentation in one pdf should be sent to or Fax: 34 954621125 The specific job positions will be announced in due course at Deadline for interested applicants: March 6th, 2015 If interested in Plant-Animal Interactions with an epigenetic component please contact Conchita Alonso Dr. Conchita Alonso Phone: +34 954466700 Estacin Biolgica de Doana, CSIC Fax: +34 954621125 Avda Amrico Vespucio s/n e-mail: E-41092 Sevilla SPAIN Conchita Alonso via Gmail

The Comparative Morphology & Development (CMD) section of the Canadian Society of Zoologists (CSZ) invites you to attend the following symposia at the annual CSZ meeting: May 25-29, 2015, in CALGARY, ALBERTA; GATEWAY TO THE CANADIAN ROCKIES MAIN SYMPOSIUM: “Ten Years of the Triple Helix: Development, Morphology, Evolution” (May 27, 2015) (Celebrating the 10th anniversary of the founding of the CMD section) JEAN BERNARD CARON (Royal Ontario Musuem) “Early body plan evolution and the Burgess Shale menagerie” SALLY LEYS (Alberta) “Complexity and loss of complexity in the evolution of early metazoan body plans” TIM HIGHAM (UC Riverside) “Morphological complexity and functional integration: New angles in biomechanics” [organized by Rich Palmer, University of Alberta] RUSSELL SYMPOSIUM: “From head to toe: Integrative vertebrate morphology and evolution” (May 26, 2015) (A symposium honouring Tony Russell’s many contributions to Zoology) ANTHONY RUSSELL (Calgary) “Back to basics: The origin of adhesion in geckos” MATTHEW VICKARYOUS (Guelph) “Scar-free wound healing and regeneration: Coordinating cells and environment” AARON BAUER (Villanova) “Size, shape, function and phylogeny: Evolutionary diversity in the gekkotan skull” HILLARY MADDIN (Carleton) “Re-evaluation of the homology of the bones of the tetrapod cranial vault” [organized by Tim Higham, UC Riverside] STUDENT SATELLITE SYMPOSIUM: “Techniques and technologies for better visualizing and quantifying morphology and development” (May 27, 2015) Lead speaker: HEATHER JAMNICZKY (Calgary) “Considering the WHOLE phenotype: Emerging approaches to 3D quantitative morphology in eco-evo-devo” [organized by U Calgary graduate students: Larry Powell, Ramon Nagesan, Leah Sparrow, Matthew Szostakiwskyj, Alexander Tinius] FOR MORE DETAILS ABOUT THESE SYMPOSIA, SEE: TO REGISTER, OR TO LEARN MORE ABOUT THE CSZ ANNUAL MEETING, SEE: EARLY REGISTRATION DEADLINE: Friday, March 6, 2015 CONTRIBUTED PAPERS: Spaces are also available for contributed papers in sessions organized by the CMD section. The deadline for submitting abstracts is barely 10 days away, so don’t delay: ABSTRACT SUBMISSION DEADLINE: Friday, March 6, 2015 FINAL REGISTRATION DEADLINE: Friday, May 1, 2015 via Gmail

Background: Aloe vera supports a substantial global trade yet its wild origins, and explanations for its popularity over 500 related Aloe species in one of the world’s largest succulent groups, have remained uncertain. We developed an explicit phylogenetic framework to explore links between the rich traditions of medicinal use and leaf succulence in aloes. Results: The phylogenetic hypothesis clarifies the origins of Aloe vera to the Arabian Peninsula at the northernmost limits of the range for aloes. The genus Aloe originated in southern Africa ~16 million years ago and underwent two major radiations driven by different speciation processes, giving rise to the extraordinary diversity known today. Large, succulent leaves typical of medicinal aloes arose during the most recent diversification ~10 million years ago and are strongly correlated to the phylogeny and to the likelihood of a species being used for medicine. A significant, albeit weak, phylogenetic signal is evident in the medicinal uses of aloes, suggesting that the properties for which they are valued do not occur randomly across the branches of the phylogenetic tree. Conclusions: Phylogenetic investigation of plant use and leaf succulence among aloes has yielded new explanations for the extraordinary market dominance of Aloe vera. The industry preference for Aloe vera appears to be due to its proximity to important historic trade routes, and early introduction to trade and cultivation. Well-developed succulent leaf mesophyll tissue, an adaptive feature that likely contributed to the ecological success of the genus Aloe, is the main predictor for medicinal use among Aloe species, whereas evolutionary loss of succulence tends to be associated with losses of medicinal use. Phylogenetic analyses of plant use offer potential to understand patterns in the value of global plant diversity.
Background: Many ovules of Late Devonian (Famennian) seed plants have been well studied. However, because few taxa occur with anatomically preserved stems and/or petioles, the vascular system of these earliest spermatophytes is little understood and available data come mostly from Euramerica. There remains great controversy over the anatomical differentiation of Late Devonian and Carboniferous seed plant groups of Buteoxylonales, Calamopityales and Lyginopteridales. Protostele evolution of these early spermatophytes needs more research. Results: A new taxon Yiduxylon trilobum gen. et sp. nov. with seed plant affinities has been discovered in the Upper Devonian (Famennian) Tizikou Formation of Hubei Province, China. It is represented by stems, helically arranged and bifurcate fronds with two orders of pinnae and planate pinnules. Both secondary pinnae and pinnules are borne alternately. Stems contain a small protostele with three primary xylem ribs possessing a single peripheral protoxylem strand. Thick secondary xylem displays multiseriate bordered pitting on the tangential and radial walls of the tracheids, and has biseriate to multiseriate and high rays. A narrow cortex consists of inner cortex without sclerotic nests and sparganum-type outer cortex with peripheral bands of vertically aligned sclerenchyma cells. Two leaf traces successively arise tangentially from each primary xylem rib and they divide once to produce four circular-oval traces in the stem cortex. Four vascular bundles occur in two C-shaped groups at each petiole base with ground tissue and peripheral bands of sclerenchyma cells. Conclusions: Yiduxylon justifies the assignment to a new genus mainly because of the protostele with protoxylem strands only near the periphery of primary xylem ribs, leaf trace origination and petiolar vascular supply structure. It shares many definitive characters with Calamopityales and Lyginopteridales, further underscoring the anatomical similarities among early seed plants. The primary vascular system, pycnoxylic-manoxylic secondary xylem with bordered pits on both tangential and radial walls of a tracheid and leaf trace divergence of Yiduxylon suggest transitional features between the early spermatophytes and ancestral aneurophyte progymnosperms.

Permanent assistant engineer at the French National Institute for Agricultural Research; Position based at the Institute of Genetics, Environment and Plant Protection (IGEPP) in Rennes, France, starting summer 2015. Salary: 1700 € per month depending on experience, plus extra salary benefits and computing bonus. Application before the 19th March 2015. via Gmail

Bioinformatics Scientist II YOUR TASKS AND RESPONSIBILITIES * To provide scientific and computational support to multiple functional groups within Biologics and provide transcriptomics, comparative genomics, and potentially other omics solutions for controlling pests and diseases in plant and promoting plant health using microbes; * Proactively identifying and incorporating new algorithms and technology to automate the analysis of microbial genomes and plant- microbe interactions; * Managing next-generation sequencing (NGS) data and NGS analyses using custom scripts and open source tools; * Working with other bioinformatics team members to understand their roles and to serve as backups as needed; * To analyze NGS data including performing comparative genomics, transcriptomics, metagenomics analyses for controlling pests and diseases in plant and promoting plant health using microbes. * Generate custom scripts to handle NGS data analysis in Python or Perl and work on a high performance cluster; * To conduct statistical analysis that integrates genomic analyses with phenotypic data, as well as provide statistical support to different functional groups; * Communicating effectively through listening, documentations and presentations, especially using compelling visualization tools to share analysis and interpretation of data; * Proactively identifying and incorporating new algorithms and technology to automate the analysis of microbial genomes and to extend the features of existing analysis pipeline; Reference Code 0000112165 WHO YOU ARE The candidate is required to possess the following: * M.S. and 5+ years of experience, or a Ph.D. in Genomics, Microbiology, Computational Biology, Bioinformatics or Ecology and Evolutionary Genetics, with 3+ years of postgraduate experience; * Ability to handle a large data set efficiently using scripts, particularly in the analysis of NGS data; * Genome assembly of microbial genomes; * In-depth familiarity with various public genomic databases; * Familiar with commercial and open-source bioinformatics tools; * Experiences working in the biotech sector focusing on plant health and crop protection; * Knowledge of statistical software tools and packages; * Fluent in Python, Perl or other scripting languages; * Familiar with SQL and some knowledge of using relational databases such as PostgreSQL; * In-depth knowledge of secondary metabolite production in microbes; * Knowledge of bacterial and plant genetics is preferred. * Working with high performance computing clusters. Dilara Ally Senior Bioinformatics Scientist Biologics Bayer CropScience LP 890 Embarcadero Drive., Sacramento, CA. 95605, U.S.A. Direct: +1 (916) 661-3332 Mobile: +1 (619) 481-8726 Email: Dilara Ally via Gmail
Imperial College London Department of Life Sciences Faculty of Natural Sciences Research Associate in Evolutionary Genomics Salary: 33,410 - 42,380 per annum (maximum starting salary 33,410) This is an exciting opportunity for a Research Associate with an interest in Speciation Biology, Plant Biology and Evolution. The successful candidate will carry out cutting edge research in evolutionary genomics, largely analysing existing data and writing up publications. You will have a solid background in population genetics and genomics, statistics and modelling with a strong interest in evolutionary biology. The aim of the project is to determine the relative contribution of pre- versus post-zygotic isolation in the evolution of sympatric Howea palms and to identify those loci underlying speciation. The post is funded by the Natural Environment Research Council, and will be based at the Silwood Park Campus. The successful candidates will work closely with Professor Vincent Savolainen and his research group. Further details of the research group can be obtained from the research group website: You must have a PhD or equivalent qualification in evolution, ecology, genetics or a closely related discipline. The successful candidate will have expertise in population genomics, proficiency in statistics and knowledge of and in depth experience of working in evolutionary biology. Experience of management and analysis of complex genetic data and excellence in working in a multi-disciplinary environment are essential. You must have experience of working in a team, be able to develop and apply new concepts and have a creative approach to problem-solving. You must also have excellent verbal and written communication skills and be able to write clearly and succinctly for publication. This is a full-time, fixed term appointment available for up to 3 years. Our preferred method of application is online via our website (please select “Job Search” then enter the job title or vacancy reference number including spaces - NS 2015 038 JT into “Keywords”). Please complete and upload an application form as directed. Alternatively, if you are unable to apply online, please contact Mrs Christine Short on 020 7594 2276 or email to request an application form. Closing date: 26 March 2015 (midnight GMT) Committed to equality and valuing diversity. We are also an Athena SWAN Silver Award winner, a Stonewall Diversity Champion, a Two Ticks Employer and are working in partnership with GIRES to promote respect for trans people. “Thomas, Jenny” via Gmail
Postdoc Fungal Evolutionary Genomics A postdoctoral research position in fungal evolutionary genomics is available in the lab of Prof. Imke Schmitt at the Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre and Goethe University Frankfurt. The successful candidate will investigate genomic evolutionary processes in fungal communities, species or populations as a response to environmental factors. He or she will be involved in projects related to the study of environmental adaptation in fungal communities and/or lichen-symbiotic fungi. The applicant should hold a Ph.D. in evolutionary or computational biology, genetics, mycology, ecology or a related field. The ideal candidate has a biological training, background in bioinformatics with skills in programming (scripts and analysis pipelines), next generation sequence analysis, genome assembly and annotation. Competitive candidates will have a strong record of prior publication, preferably in genome scale data analysis (including comparative genomics, population genomics, metagenomics/metabarcoding or molecular evolution), and speak fluent English. My lab and the entire institute provide a very supportive atmosphere. The broader research environment at Senckenberg and Goethe University offers postdoctoral fellows chances for collaboration with experts in fields ranging from molecular ecology and evolution, phylogenetics, to macroecology and climate change biology (modeling and statistics). Attractive computing infrastructure is available (high-RAM computers, clouds, and clusters). Frankfurt, a vibrant city in the center of Germany, provides ample cultural and recreational opportunities and excellent infrastructure for travel. We offer a competitive salary (TV-H E 13 according to the German public service pay scale), full benefits, and training opportunities. The position is available for three years starting May 1^st 2015. Please send your application before March, 15th 2015 preferably by e-mail (attachment in a single pdf document), mentioning the reference of this position (Ref. #8.3) and including a cover letter detailing research interests and experience, a C.V., a copy of your PhD certificate, and a list of three professional references. Please be sure to highlight skills and experience related to genome assembly, statistics, bioinformatics, or programming and send your application to the address below Prof. Dr. Katrin Bhning-Gaese c/o Senckenberg Gesellschaft fr Naturforschung Senckenberganlage 25 60325 Frankfurt Informal enquiries to Imke Schmitt ( before the application are welcome. Prof. Dr. Imke Schmitt Goethe Universitt Frankfurt and Senckenberg Gesellschaft fr Naturforschung Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre Senckenberganlage 25 60325 Frankfurt Germany Tel. 0049 (0)6975421855 email: website: Imke Schmitt via Gmail

February 24, 2015

The Faculty of Humanities of the University of Oulu, Finland, announces a three-year Postdoctoral Researcher Position in bioarcheological research community to start at the beginning of May, 2015. Description Bioarchaeological research community (BARC) at University of Oulu, Finland, is looking for a talented and research-oriented postdoctoral researcher. This position is for three years. The postdoctoral researcher is expected to make a contribution to multidisciplinary research of this research community by bringing in expertise in at least one of its areas of research. This research community was rated as outstanding (6/6) in the most recent research assessment exercise at the University of Oulu in the category research on the threshold of international breakthrough in 2013. It examines the effects of environmental and cultural changes on both humans and animals in northern Europe focusing on Finland and neighboring regions. The effects of neolithization, modernization and urbanization are under particularly close scrutiny. The main study materials include archaeological materials (biological and non-biological materials), museum collections and clinical samples. A broad range of methods and techniques are thus utilized from those used in archaeological and historical research to those used in bone imaging and biomolecular research. Due to this multidisciplinary research, this research community includes four research teams divided between three faculties. The four research teams are as follows: The Post-Pleistocene Evolution of Human Skeleton (Docent Markku Niskanen, Archaeology, Faculty of Humanities) utilizes osteometric and bone imaging techniques to examine temporal and geographic variation in human body size, body shape and skeletal robusticity and how these are related to environmental and cultural changes. Bioarchaeology of human-animal interactions: biomolecular and osteoarchaeological analyses of human and animal bones (Prof. Jouni Aspi, Biology, Faculty of Science) explores human-animal relationships (e.g. domestication) through ancient DNA (aDNA), stable isotope and osteological analyses. Material culture and the modernization of the north (Dr. Timo Ylimaunu, Archaeology, Faculty of Humanities) examines the development of society from the medieval period to the present. The focus is on examining the dynamics of modernization, globalization and consumption processes and human-environmental relationship in Northern Fennoscandia as a part of the globalizing world. Human Biology and Comparative Anatomy (Prof. Juha Tuukkanen, Anatomy and Cell Biology, Faculty of Medicine) concentrates on functional relationship in morphology between temporally distinct populations. The main research focus is temporal trends in overall skeletal morphology, bone microstructure and biomechanical properties. The postdoctoral researcher is expected to carry out research and participate in publishing research results in peer-reviewed journals. Some teaching and/or administrative duties may be included, but would take 10% of the working hours at the maximum. It is our hope that this position would help the postdoctoral researcher to develop his/her own scientific networks through research collaboration, and that this position would be a step towards a position as a more senior and independent researcher able to develop his/her own projects. This position is officially based at the Faculty of Humanities, University of Oulu, Finland. In practice, the postdoctoral researcher will work in facilities, which best suit his/her actual work for this research community. Qualifications The candidates research should interface with research conducted in one or more of the four research teams. He/she must have earned his/her doctorate no more than seven years before the application deadline. This doctoral degree should be in archaeology (including historical archaeology, osteoarchaeology, biomolecular archaeology), biological anthropology, biology, biomedicine or a related field. In addition, he/she should have a record of scientific achievements (e.g. peer-review publications). International mobility and experience of teaching and/or academic supervision are advantages. In addition, we appreciate ability for independent research, high motivation and efficiency, as well as ability to co-operate and work as a research team member. We are primarily (but not exclusively) searching for a researcher, who is familiar with bioinformatics and computational genomics. Previous experience in handling NGS data using scripts and analysis pipelines is desirable. Other highly useful skills and/or experiences include computer programming, population genetics, wet lab analysis, genome assembly and annotation, and/or paleodietary studies (e.g. stable isotope analyses). Representatives of other fields of research (general archaeology, historical archaeology, osteoarchaeology, etc.) are, however, strongly encouraged to apply. A candidate who most likely strengthens research of our entire research community by being able to interface with more than one research team will be selected for this position. Salary The salary of the postdoctoral researcher will be set on levels 5V6 of the national salary scale for the teaching and research staff of Finnish universities. In addition, supplementary remuneration will be given for personal achievement and performance, the sum rising to a maximum of 46.3% of the salary scale. In practice, the salary will be about 3300 V 4000 at the start of the period. Applications Applications, including any attachments, should be submitted by using the electronic application form by 23 March 2015 at the following address: For further information, contact Docent Markku Niskanen, tel. +358 0294483288, email: Markku.Niskanen(at) Applications must include the following documents: A brief curriculum vitae (max 3 pages). A certificate of a doctoral degree. A list of publications sub-divided in the following way: (a) articles published in refereed journals; (b) articles in collections of refereed scholarly or scientific papers and in refereed conference proceedings; (c) scholarly or scientific monographs; (d) other scholarly or scientific publications in, for example, non- refereed journals and academic proceedings, and home university or departmental series. A brief research and publication plan, with the emphasis on how the proposed research would advance and relate to the objectives of the research community bioarcheological research (max 5 pages). The language of the research and publication plan must be English. All other documents may be either in English of Finnish. Prof. Jouni Aspi Biodiversity Unit Department of Biology PO. Box 3000 90014 University of Oulu FINLAND Jouni Aspi via Gmail

*Postdoctoral Opportunity at Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore* We are currently recruiting a post-doc to work with Prof. Mariano Garcia-Blanco in the Emerging Infectious Disease program ( The group studies host factors of /flavivirus/ infection (primarily dengue and yellow fever viruses) in human tissue culture and mosquitoes. The group is located in a dynamic, well-funded and well-equipped environment (, with access to cutting-edge genomic and proteomic facilities. The project is to study the interaction of non-coding /flaviviral/ RNA and the host innate immune response. Using proteomics, cell culture and molecular biology techniques, the researcher will characterize the interaction between viral non-coding RNA and proteins, determine the role of the interaction in infection, identify interacting immune factors, and search for drugs disrupting those interactions. The project should provide a basic understanding of how viral non-coding RNA alters the host immune response during infection and result in identification of drugs targeting these interactions. The ideal candidate will have experience with cell and molecular biology techniques, virology and protein biochemistry. The candidate will also have a track record of publications, a high level of intellectual engagement and excellent problem-solving skills. The ability to work independently without supervision is essential. Singapore is a safe, lively and stimulating country with a profound commitment to supporting cutting edge scientific research. Salary is attractive and will depend upon experience. The position is a one-year contract renewable for up to 3 years. Only selected candidates will be invited for interview. Please send a CV and cover letter to: via Gmail


Today is the third anniversary of starting this blog, and this is post number 325. Thanks to all of our visitors over the past three years — we hope that the next year will be as productive as this past one has been.

I have summarized here some of the accumulated data, in order to document at least some of the productivity.

As of this morning, there have been 238,613 pageviews, with a median of 192 per day. The blog has continued to grow in popularity, with a median of 70 pageviews per day in the first year, 189 per day in the second year, and 353 per day in the third year. The range of pageviews was 172-1148 per day during this past year. The daily pattern for the three years is shown in the first graph.

Line graph of the number of pageviews through time, up to today.
The largest values are off the graph. The green line is the half-way mark.
The inset shows the mean (blue) and standard deviation of the daily number of pageviews.
There are a few general patterns in the data, the most obvious one being the day of the week, as shown in the inset of the above graph. The posts have usually been on Mondays and Wednesdays, and these two days have had the greatest mean number of pageviews.

Some of the more obvious dips include times such as Christmas - New Year; and the biggest peaks are associated with mentions of particular blog posts on popular sites.

Unfortunately, the data are also seriously skewed by visits from troll sites. These have been particularly from the Ukraine, which is solely responsible for the peak between days 900 and 1000. The smaller following peak represents visits from Taiwan.

The posts themselves have varied greatly in popularity, as shown in the next graph. It is actually a bit tricky to assign pageviews to particular posts, because visits to the blog's homepage are not attributed by the counter to any specific post. Since the current two posts are the ones that appear on the homepage, these posts are under-counted until they move off the homepage, (after which they can be accessed only by a direct visit to their own pages, and thus always get counted). On average, 30% of the blog's pageviews are to the homepage, rather than to a specific post page, and so there is considerable under-counting.

Scatterplot of post pageviews through time, up to last week; the line is the median.
Note the log scale, and that the values are under-counted (see the text).
It is good to note that the most popular posts were scattered throughout the years. Keeping in mind the initial under-counting, the top collection of posts (with counted pageviews) have been:
8 The Music Genome Project is no such thing
Charles Darwin's unpublished tree sketches
The acoustics of the Sydney Opera House
Why do we still use trees for the dog genealogy?
How do we interpret a rooted haplotype network?
Carnival of Evolution, Number 52
Who published the first phylogenetic tree?
Phylogenetics with SpongeBob
Charles Darwin's family pedigree network
Faux phylogenies
Evolutionary trees: old wine in new bottles?
Network analysis of scotch whiskies
Tattoo Monday 8,347
1,747This list is not very different to the same time last year. Posts 129 (which is linked in Wikipedia) and 172 continue to receive visitors almost every day.

The audience for the blog continues to be firmly in the USA. Based on the number of pageviews, the visitor data are:
United States
Ukraine [spurious]
United Kingdom
Finally, if anyone wants to contribute, then we welcome guest bloggers. This is a good forum to try out all of your half-baked ideas, in order to get some feedback, as well as to raise issues that have not yet received any discussion in the literature. If nothing else, it is a good place to be dogmatic without interference from a referee!

Background: The obligate mutualism between fungus-growing ants and microbial symbionts offers excellent opportunities to study the specificity and stability of multi-species interactions. In addition to cultivating fungus gardens, these ants have domesticated actinomycete bacteria to defend gardens against the fungal parasite Escovopsis and possibly other pathogens. Panamanian Acromyrmex echinatior leaf-cutting ants primarily associate with actinomycetes of the genus Pseudonocardia. Colonies are inoculated with one of two vertically transmitted phylotypes (Ps1 or Ps2), and maintain the same phylotype over their lifetime. We performed a cross-fostering experiment to test whether co-adaptations between ants and bacterial phylotypes have evolved, and how this affects bacterial growth and ant prophylactic behavior after infection with Escovopsis. Results: We show that Pseudonocardia readily colonized ants irrespective of their colony of origin, but that the Ps2 phylotype, which was previously shown to be better able to maintain its monocultural integrity after workers became foragers than Ps1, reached a higher final cover when grown on its native host than on alternative hosts. The frequencies of major grooming and weeding behaviors co-varied with symbiont/host combinations, showing that ant behavior also was affected when cuticular actinomycete phylotypes were swapped. Conclusion: These results show that the interactions between leaf-cutting ants and Pseudonocardia bear signatures of mutual co-adaptation within a single ant population.