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January 13, 2015

22:00
Humans are vulnerable to a number of unique musculoskeletal maladies as a consequence of our evolutionary history. Although walking on our extended hind limbs is the hallmark adaptation characterizing our species it nevertheless makes us vulnerable to a wide range of serious joint and soft tissue problems. When viewed from an evolutionary perspective many of these medical issues become understandable and, indeed, novel methods of diagnosis and treatment can emerge. The proposed collaborative, a working group of paleoanthropologists, comparative anatomists, biomechanical engineers, and physicians will create new analytical approaches and new ways of viewing the disorders that uniquely plague our species. The results of this work include the development and implementation of a model curriculum, the creation of a website, and the publication of an edited volume. The disorders directly related to our way of walking include chronically sprained ankles, hernias, osteoporotic fractures of the hip, spine, and forearm, obstetric problems, knee problems, foot disorders, fatigue fractures, and many others. By understanding how our anatomy changed in order to walk upright, and why these changes occurred, we gain a better understanding of why these adaptations sometimes go awry resulting in disorders and pain.
Source: NESCent

December 17, 2014

22:00
We propose a catalysis meeting to advance theoretically-grounded, empirical study of scientific collaborations designed to achieve synthesis. Synthesis is the integration of diverse theories, methods and data across spatial or temporal scales, scientific phenomena, and forms of expertise to increase the generality, parsimony, applicability, or empirical soundness of scientific explanations. It generates emergent explanations beyond the scope of any one discipline, dataset or method. It counterbalances scientific specialization, capitalizes on existing data, and can be used to address complex problems. Synthesis centers are an increasingly vital component of science policy, rising in number, size, and prominence nationally and globally. Despite this, our understanding of synthesis-group collaborations and their performance are inadequate to advance knowledge, inform policy and guide practice. This meeting will draw together scientists who lead and conduct synthetic research with a diverse group of experts on scientific collaboration and research evaluation. Our aim is to advance understanding of synthesis and develop new approaches for investigating it empirically, longitudinally and comparatively.
Source: NESCent

December 9, 2014

22:00
Wednesday, 12:00 PM at NESCent, Ninth Street and Main Street, Erwin Mill Building, 2024 W. Main Street, Suite A200. For more information, call 919-668-4551
Source: NESCent

December 7, 2014

22:00
Making science more reproducible has enormous potential to accelerate scientific advance, including for practicing individuals. Despite this, the tools and approaches that are already available are rarely taught. To address this, we are organizing a 4-day workshop aimed at developing, and later teaching, a short course curriculum for tools, resources, and practices for reproducible science. A part of the workshop will also be devoted to addressing gaps that hinder the broad adoption of such resources.
Source: NESCent

December 2, 2014

22:00
Wednesday, 12:00 PM at NESCent, Ninth Street and Main Street, Erwin Mill Building, 2024 W. Main Street, Suite A200. For more information, call 919-668-4551
Source: NESCent

November 21, 2014

November 18, 2014

22:00
Wednesday, 12:00 PM at NESCent, Ninth Street and Main Street, Erwin Mill Building, 2024 W. Main Street. Room A103 (1st Floor) For more information, call 919-668-4551
Source: NESCent

November 17, 2014

22:00
What are the limits of adaptation? What determines long-term evolutionary rates? How predictable is evolution? The field of experimental evolution has grown tremendously over the last decade. This growth reflects both a greater appreciation of the power of experimental evolution for testing evolutionary hypotheses and, especially recently, the new power of genomic methods for analyzing changes in experimentally evolved lineages. But most experiments are fairly short, typically lasting only a few tens or hundreds of generations in plants/animals or microbes, respectively. Long-term evolution experiments are still rare, but are crucial in gaining a better understanding of evolutionary processes and outcomes, and in answering some of the most important basic and applied questions in biology. This catalysis meeting will bring together leading researchers in experimental evolution, population genetics, molecular evolution, theory and many other fields to develop a roadmap for the future of long-term evolution experiments. The meeting’s aims are: (i) To identify the most important biological questions that can be addressed using long-term evolution experiments; (ii) To synthesise information on existing long-term evolution experiments that were both intentional (e.g. lab-based) and unintentional (e.g. disease outbreaks, the pet trade, stock centres, and industrial processes); (iii) To identify opportunities to answer existing questions with existing data and/or experiments; (iv) To plan new long-term evolution experiments in a variety of systems; This meeting will establish an international network of collaborating labs that will result in new research directions, new training opportunities, and a grand vision for the future of long-term evolution experiments.
Source: NESCent

November 12, 2014

22:00
In the last two decades, models from evolutionary biology have made important contributions to demographic research on human fertility change. Within this evolutionary framework, two distinct traditions have focused on different processes of adaptation and time scales of change: (1) behavioral ecological perspectives have focused on how individual fertility decisions are shaped by local ecological circumstances, while (2) cultural evolutionary approaches have emphasized the role of socially transmitted information and changing social norms in shaping fertility behavior. While each tradition has made independent progress, research that integrates these approaches is necessary to improve our understanding of real fertility behavior, which results from a feedback between individual fertility decisions and social change. This approach requires combined attention to immediate ecological determinants of fertility decisions as well as the long-term processes that shape costs and benefits in a given environment. This workshop will bring together an international team of evolutionary behavioral scientists with complementary methodological and theoretical expertise in anthropology, psychology, and demography to develop (a) a synthetic article which proposes how these approaches can be integrated methodologically and theoretically, (b) an empirical article which applies our new synthetic framework to the study of fertility change in a particular fieldsite, demonstrating how the new methodological approach will work in practice and what we can learn through employing it, and (c) a multi-site grant proposal (UK, US, Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Bolivia, Poland) aimed at integrating and empirically testing these diverse evolutionary models of human fertility change.
Source: NESCent

November 11, 2014

22:00
Wednesday, 12:00 PM at NESCent, Ninth Street and Main Street, Erwin Mill Building, 2024 W. Main Street. Room A103 (1st Floor) For more information, call 919-668-4551
Source: NESCent

November 9, 2014

22:00
This catalysis group will plan the implementation of SimBank, a large, openly-available series of population genetic landscape simulations, intended for easy testing and validation of statistical genetics methods and based on realistic scenarios from natural populations across a range of taxa. Genetic and genomic data allow us to estimate numerous biological parameters through statistical genetics techniques. However, these techniques necessarily make many assumptions that do not match biology. As a result, the value of these statistical approaches may depend on the biological details of the evolutionary and demographic history of the populations being studied. Statistical genetics techniques need to be better tested and validated than they currently are, and the best way to do this is by comparisons to genetic simulation of biologically reasonable situations. This catalysis group will plan for the creation of a test bank of simulated genomic data. We will create a core list of biological scenarios that can test a wide variety of statistical methods, over a range of assumptions about evolutionary history, demography, and genetic details. Creating such simulations is non-trivial, because of the necessity of coding a variety of scenarios and the processor time required to do large-scale simulations. However, many types of statistical genetics techniques can be tested on a common set of simulations. In this way, we can share processor time and discuss as a community what issues are most important to cover. The group will mix statisticians and programmers with empirical biologists, with expertise in evolution, landscape ecology, and geospatial pattern analysis.
Source: NESCent

November 4, 2014

22:00
Wednesday, 12:00 PM at NESCent, Ninth Street and Main Street, Erwin Mill Building, 2024 W. Main Street. Room A103 (1st Floor) For more information, call 919-668-4551
Source: NESCent

November 3, 2014

22:00
Odonates are model organisms for testing fundamental evolutionary questions because (1) they are one of the first winged insects); (2) have the most advanced vision and flight among insects; (3) their ecology and behavior is among the best studied for insects; and (4) they are easy to manipulate for field studies. However, a major obstacle to many odonate studies is the lack of odonate genomics resources. This gap in odonate genomics limits research progress but can be overcome by a focused effort that combines, analyzes and synthesizes existing and emerging datasets and knowledge in the field. This is now possible, as several research groups have started odonate genomics projects in the last 5 years, but formal communication between laboratories has yet to begin. The odonate community is geographically dispersed and many researchers are working in disparate fields (such as paleo-entomology, conservation/climate change, single gene evolution and/or comparative genomics), and therefore a Catalysis meeting would provide an ideal opportunity that will (1) foster international collaboration to create an effective network that will (2) focus community efforts towards a cohesive program to (3) generate new knowledge and a legacy of useful resources and novel research directions.
Source: NESCent

November 2, 2014

22:00
Human cultural diversity is expressed in myriad ways (from social and marital norms to languages and religious practices), but what factors shape this diversity? Dating back to Darwin, multiple disciplines have debated the degree to which cultural diversity patterns are influenced by different factors, including history, demographics, and ecology. Over recent years an emerging set of studies have showcased how phylogenetic comparative methods from evolutionary biology can help resolve these long-held debates and revolutionize the field of cultural evolution. Now the major barrier to advances lies in the location of necessary data, which are spread across multiple disparate sources in linguistics, biogeography and anthropology. To overcome this challenge we will create D-PLACE (a Database of Phylogenies of Languages for the study of Cultural Evolution), a publicly available and expandable web-portal that will map over 100 cultural features onto language phylogenies and link these to ecological and environmental variables, empowering a whole new line of investigation into the drivers of cultural change and patterns of cultural diversity. We will produce a paper to introduce D-PLACE and outline the many types of questions in comparative anthropology the database can answer. Finally, we will demonstrate the power of this new resource by using D-PLACE to examine two long-standing and fundamental questions from comparative anthropology: (i) What drives the diversity of incest taboos (i.e. how human societies regulate who can mate and marry)? (ii) Can we characterize recurrent “human niches”, or are societies just arbitrary bundles of cultural features?
Source: NESCent

October 28, 2014

22:00
Wednesday, 12:00 PM at NESCent, Ninth Street and Main Street, Erwin Mill Building, 2024 W. Main Street, Suite A200. For more information, call 919-668-4551
Source: NESCent

October 25, 2014

02:58

—_000_87FCC0D1FF47BB4E8B42E4989C746A862B9F0FA4EXCHMBOX6exchuc_ Content-Type: text/plain; charset=”Windows-1252” Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable *Position Announcement: Molecular Biology of Social Insects (Entomology)* **Assistant Professor/Assistant Entomologist** Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside, California, http://bit.ly/Hxmhk0 *POSITION: *Molecular Biology of Social Insects.* The Department of Entomology invites applications for a tenure-track position, 9-month appointment, available July 1, 2015. The position has 25% Instruction and Research and 75% Organized Research in the Agricultural Experiment Station http://bit.ly/1cKvnDJ. Applicants must hold a Ph.D. in Entomology, Molecular Biology, or a related discipline; post-doctoral experience is preferred. The focus of the position will be on the functional connection between social behaviors and genetic, epigenetic, neurophysiological and chemical pathways. Areas of research emphasis may include, but are not limited to, pheromone perception, responses to semiochemicals, regulation of social interactions, genetic and epigenetic mechanisms underlying caste determination, and evolution of sociality. *RESPONSIBILITIES:* Develop an extramurally funded research program to conduct basic and applied research in the area of molecular biology of social insects. Teaching responsibilities include supervision of graduate students, participation in undergraduate biological science instruction. The development of new undergraduate courses in behavioral genetics would be encouraged as well as a graduate level course within the candidates’ field of interest. Participation in graduate training within Genetics, Genomics and Bioinformatics; Evolution, Ecology and Organismal Biology; and Cellular, Molecular and Developmental Biology interdepartmental programs would be encouraged. *APPLICATION:* Applications should include a curriculum vitae (6 pages maximum), statements of research interests (3 pages maximum), teaching interests and philosophy (2 pages maximum), pdf files for up to three papers, and four letters of references. All application materials should be sent to: http://bit.ly/1wwhmmR Questions regarding this position should be directed to Dr. Timothy Paine, Chair of the Molecular Biology of Social Insects Search Committee at timothy.paine@ucr.edu *APPLICATION DEADLINE: *Evaluation of applications will begin December 1, 2014, but the position will remain open until filled. The University of California is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, disability, protected veteran status, or any other characteristic protected by law. —_000_87FCC0D1FF47BB4E8B42E4989C746A862B9F0FA4EXCHMBOX6exchuc_ Content-Type: text/html; charset=”Windows-1252” Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable

P {margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;}*Position Announcement: Molecular Biology of Social Insects (Entomology)* **Assistant Professor/Assistant Entomologist** Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside, California,http://bit.ly/Hxmhk0 *POSITION: *Molecular Biology of Social Insects.* The Department of Entomology invites applications for a tenure-track position, 9-month appointment, available July 1, 2015. The position has 25% Instruction and Research and 75% Organized Research in the Agricultural Experiment Station http://bit.ly/1cKvnDJ. Applicants must hold a Ph.D. in Entomology, Molecular Biology, or a related discipline; post-doctoral experience is preferred. The focus of the position will be on the functional connection between social behaviors and genetic, epigenetic, neurophysiological and chemical pathways. Areas of research emphasis may include, but are not limited to, pheromone perception, responses to semiochemicals, regulation of social interactions, genetic and epigenetic mechanisms underlying caste determination, and evolution of sociality. *RESPONSIBILITIES:* Develop an extramurally funded research program to conduct basic and applied research in the area of molecular biology of social insects. Teaching responsibilities include supervision of graduate students, participation in undergraduate biological science instruction. The development of new undergraduate courses in behavioral genetics would be encouraged as well as a graduate level course within the candidates’ field of interest. Participation in graduate training within Genetics, Genomics and Bioinformatics; Evolution, Ecology and Organismal Biology; and Cellular, Molecular and Developmental Biology interdepartmental programs would be encouraged. *APPLICATION:* Applications should include a curriculum vitae (6 pages maximum), statements of research interests (3 pages maximum), teaching interests and philosophy (2 pages maximum), pdf files for up to three papers, and four letters of references. All application materials should be sent to:http://bit.ly/1wwhmmR Questions regarding this position should be directed to Dr. Timothy Paine, Chair of the Molecular Biology of Social Insects Search Committee at timothy.paine@ucr.edu *APPLICATION DEADLINE: *Evaluation of applications will begin December 1, 2014, but the position will remain open until filled. The University of California is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, disability, protected veteran status, or any other characteristic protected by law. —_000_87FCC0D1FF47BB4E8B42E4989C746A862B9F0FA4EXCHMBOX6exchuc via Gmail
Source: EVOLDIR
02:58
Postdoctoral Position at the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities A postdoctoral researcher is sought to conduct comparative phylogenetic studies of the effects of polyploidy and breeding system on rates of evolution. This project is a collaboration between the labs of Emma Goldberg in the Dept of Ecology, Evolution & Behavior at the University of Minnesota (where the position will be based) and Itay Mayrose in the Dept of Molecular Biology and Ecology of Plants at Tel Aviv University. More information about our labs is available at and . The postdoc will work with unparalleled datasets on plant chromosome counts and breeding system, and s/he will develop and apply new phylogenetic comparative methods to uncover the micro- and macroevolutionary consequences of these traits. In addition to the specific projects we have in mind regarding rates of sequence evolution and lineage diversification, there is substantial flexibility in developing projects within the general theme. Work will include methods developmen via Gmail
Source: EVOLDIR
02:41

Registrations for the next edition of the European course on “Comparative Genomics” are open. This course is organized by the Ecole Normale Suprieure (ENS) of Lyon (France) since 2008. It is aimed at students from the ENS and is open to master and PhD students from European universities. The course focuses on major discoveries, big challenges, innovative concepts and original approaches in the field of comparative genomics, their applications in biology, medicine and biotechnology, and their impact on society. This year the course will be held on 26 January - 6 February 2015 at the ENS (Lyon, France). Registration is free. Lectures are in English. The preliminary program and registration form are available at: http://bit.ly/ICfmGK Jean-Nicolas Volff (ENS, Lyon) and Cline Brochier (Univ. Lyon1) via Gmail

Source: EVOLDIR
02:27
Biological Control of Weeds Position Sidney, Montana Interdisciplinary: Research Entomologist/ Ecologist, GS-0414/0408-12/13 Salary Range of $69,497 - $107,434 per year (GS 12 or 13). Promotion potential of GS-15. The United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Northern Plains Agricultural Research Laboratory, Pest Management Research Unit in Sidney, Montana is seeking a permanent full-time Research Ecologist/ Entomologist as a lead investigator in classical biological control of invasive plants of the Northern Great Plains. The research focuses on plant and insect ecology; plant-herbivore interactions; characterization of ecological factors affecting biological control agents (insects or other arthropods) and invasive weeds; invasion ecology; host-specificity and efficacy studies of potential biological control agents; non-target effects of biocontrol on ecological communities; post-release efficacy studies; and long-term monitoring. For details and to apply, see http://1.usa.gov/1wp813A. Reference Job Announcement Number ARS-D14W-0060A or search USAJOBS for positions in Sidney, MT. Applications must be postmarked by November 19, 2014. U.S. citizenship is required. USDA/ARS is an equal opportunity employer and provider. Questions? Contact: John Gaskin (406) 433-2020. John Gaskin Botanist/Research Leader PMRU Acting Research Leader ASRU USDA ARS NPARL 1500 N. Central Ave. Sidney, MT 59270 USA Office: 406.433.2020 Cell: 406.489.1384 Fax: 406.433.5038 “Gaskin, John” via Gmail
Source: EVOLDIR
01:55

Simons-University of Pennsylvania Postdoctoral Fellowships in Mathematical Biology The Departments of Mathematics and Biology at the University of Pennsylvania invite applications for postdoctoral fellowships at the interface of mathematics and biology. These positions are open to candidates who have demonstrated excellence and productivity in research. A Ph.D. or equivalent degree in Biology, Mathematics, Statistics, Computer Science, or related fields is required. Highly qualified mathematicians and statisticians wishing to transition into biology are also encouraged to apply. The fellows will be encouraged to interact and collaborate with various research groups on campus. Funding for the fellowships will be provided by the Math+X Simons Chair awarded to Prof. Yun S. Song, who will join the University in Summer 2015. Applications should be submitted online through MathJobs.org (http://bit.ly/1DKQrYO) and include a curriculum vitae and a research statement. In addition, applicants should arrange to have three letters of reference submitted online. Review of applications will begin December 15, 2014 and will continue until the positions are filled. The Departments of Mathematics and Biology are strongly committed to Penn’s Action Plan for Faculty Diversity and Excellence and to establishing a more diverse faculty (for more information see: http://bit.ly/1eC8Ath). The University of Pennsylvania is an EOE. Minorities/Women/Individuals with disabilities/Protected Veterans are encouraged to apply.  via Gmail

Source: EVOLDIR